Wikipedia defines “earworm” as “a catchy piece of music that continually repeats through a person’s mind after it is no longer playing”.  I had that the other day with a piece of music from a retro game that I could not remember the source of.  All I could remember was that it was probably a Commodore 64 game.

I got out a virtual piano and figured out the notes, playing it over and over, trying to jog my memory.  I looked through lists of Commodore 64 games, trying in vain to connect this little ditty in my mind with an actual game.

I felt like Al Bundy in Married… With Children trying to recall the song “Anna (Go to Him)”.  Hmm hmm hiiimmm…

The best feeling in the world happened after a good hour or so trying to think of it.  With absolutely no help from the internet or any other source, I managed to remember where it came from.

The theme from Pitfall II: Lost Caverns.  It was an Atari 2600 game as well, but I remember it (and played it, and beat it) on my Commodore 64.  The tune was burned so deeply into my brain from playing it at that time, it stuck into some unused, cobweb-filled crevace of my mind and finally unstuck itself while leaving its identity behind.

Man, that drove me nuts.  Go play Pitfall II. 


Cliff Hanger (Arcade) is the Retro Game of the Week for 13 February, 2017

Note: due to YouTube stupidly blocking the video for copyrighted content, there will be no game video this week.  YouTube sucks.  Seriously.


Released: 1983
Developer: Stern Electronics, TMS Entertainment
Publisher: Stern Electronics
System: Arcade
Genre: Interactive movie
Played on: MAME, keyboard

During one of my awkward school years, my class somehow thought that it might be fun to round us all up and head out to the local roller skating rink.  Being completely uncoordinated and awkward, this was obviously a nightmarish trip for me as I laced up my skates, wobbling and carefully moving everywhere.  I seem to remember spending more time on my ass with those skates on than not.

Fortunately, the place had a few arcade games, including one I had never seen before.  It was in the genre of Dragon’s Lair-like interactive movie games that were even at that time waning in popularity (and rightfully so), but having to choose between the other games that I’ve played a million times (and, if I remember correctly, weren’t even that great) and this new one, I chose the new one — Cliff Hanger.  Like several other barely interactive movie arcade games at the time, I spent way too much time and money on this thing, and never really got that far, but again, the alternatives were pretty poor.

Cliff Hanger follows the adventures of “Cliff” (well, sort of — read on) and his quest to rescue “Clarissa” from the clutches of the evil “Count Draco”.  The “game”, if you can call it that, involves hitting either a direction or one of two “action” buttons (hands and feet) at specific times during the video.  Failure at any point means you lose a life and must return to a specific point in the action (generally a few moments before your failure) to try again.  Losing all your lives isn’t a huge setback, as you can insert more coins to continue where you left off (or just hit the coin button in MAME… heh).

At this point in my life, I wasn’t very familiar with Japanese animation, even though I had seen a bit of it under the guise of Americanized versions of things like Mach GoGoGo (Speed Racer) and a few others.  I had no idea that this game, in fact, was a bastardization of the Japanese animated Lupin the Third, specifically the movie The Castle of Cagliostro.  Watching Lupin the Third some years later and specifically that specific movie, it was quite a realization that the game was a repurposed version of this movie, and that “Cliff” was really Lupin, “Clarissa” was Lady Clarisse, and “Count Draco” was Count Cagliostro.  Shocker, I know.  (The game also used a few bits of footage from another Lupin movie, The Mystery of Mamo, but it was primarily taken from Cagliostro.)

So yeah, another pointless nostalgia entry of Retro Game of the Week.  I try not to do a lot of these and focus on actual quality games, but sometimes, I just can’t help myself as I think of and rediscover games I haven’t played in years, and point out that not all games back then were great — it’s just that the greatest games of the time were better than the “greatest” games of today.  But gaming today doesn’t realize that you really can’t get away with just playing a movie, adding a bit of superficial gameplay, and expecting it to be good.  Sadly, today’s gamers have been trained to believe that is true.  The lessons we learned back in the day have been forgotten.

Oh, well.

Black Widow (Arcade) is the Retro Game of the Week for 30 January, 2017

Released: 1982
Developer: Atari
Publisher: Atari
System: Arcade
Genre: Shooter
Played on: MAME, gamepad

Another “I am sick as sick can be” week here at RGotW, so this is going to be brief.  Playing games on the Atari Vault collection on Steam is enjoyable not only because I get to play a bunch of old games I am familiar with, but also discover a few games I really didn’t get to see back then or ever try since.  Black Widow is one of those games, and it’s pretty good.  You move around on a web and basically shoot other spiders and creepy-crawlies using a twin stick shooter, with various enemy types, dangers and obstacles in your way.  Sounds simple, but again, simple can be really, really good.

Hopefully next week I won’t be horribly sick and I can actually think to write more than a single paragraph about a game.  Enjoy.

Pleiades (Arcade) is the Retro Game of the Week for 23 January, 2017

Released: 1981
Developer: Tehkan
Publisher: Centuri (US version, played here)
System: Arcade
Genre: Vertical shooter
Played on: MAME, gamepad

This edition of the Retro Game of the Week is pure, unapologetic nostalgia. While its featured game, Pleiades (also spelled “Pleiads” elsewhere), is pretty much a bog-standard vertical shooter game with a few neat tricks, my affection for the game comes from it being an arcade game in a gas station within walking distance of my home back when I was young. I played this game probably way, way more than I should have. And I loved every moment of it. Nostalgia for nostalgia’s sake for once in RGotW, but at least somewhat deserved.

Pleiades is comprised of four stages, repeated over and over until you run out of lives. The first takes place on what appears to be a military installation, complete with makeshift shields and tracking satellite dishes (that also fire at incoming aliens). The aliens swirl in via various patterns, shooting at the player and occasionally morphing into fast-moving ball-shaped aliens and walker aliens that lay down shields just above you that block your fire. After you defeat them, the second stage has you blasting off into space to take on a group of small aliens that quickly grow into large bird-like aliens that you have to shoot the center of — shooting their “wings” only slows them down. When those are dispatched, you take on the alien ship that spawns waves of aliens while exhaust ports on the ship open for bonus points. When the ship is dispatched, a message onscreen tells you to return to Earth; you must then navigate through a landing strip full of parked ships and a quickly tapering edge (both of which destroy your ship and make you lose a life) to a target point, where the first stage begins anew and slightly increases in difficulty.

It is reminiscent of games like Phoenix, yet its style and gameplay make the game very compelling on its own. But let’s face it, I probably would never have made this a Retro Game of the Week if not for that arcade game in a corner grocery store near my house.  Nostalgia, friends.

Journey (Arcade) is the Retro Game of the Week for 16 January, 2016

Released: 1983
Publisher:  Bally Midway
Developer: Bally Midway
Platform: Arcade
Genre: Action
Played on: MAME, gamepad

Sigh.  Another rushed Retro Game of the Week.  Too much going on, too many sick days, not enough time to play old games.

But that’s okay, because we have Journey.

No, kids, not that barely-a-game adventure game that came out a few years back.  This is the old arcade game, and the journey you will go on is that of the rock band of the same name.  Certainly you’ve at least heard in passing a few of their songs, like Wheel In the Sky?  Don’t Stop Believin’?  Well, if you haven’t, go spin a few of their hits on YouTube or something.  They’re good.  They may not be up to your sappy, repetitious, boring, pop-rock “standards”, but hey.

Oh, right, the videogame.

So you control the five members (at the time) of the band Journey on their quest to regain their instruments from… well, it doesn’t matter, because it’s a flimsy pretext (as all real games are and should be) to play the actual game, which is set up as a set of five minigames, one for each band member/instrument, which can be quite challenging at times.  Each game essentially is a separate challenge on a path to acquire your instrument, then turns into a mini-shooter to return to the other side of the screen where your bandmates are waiting.  Once you succeed, a minigame involving a bouncer keeping a crowd away from your instruments begins, and when the crowd succeeds, a more difficult round of the minigames start.  And for those who know Journey’s musical catalog, electric (MIDI-like) versions of many of their hits play during the game, and a tape recording (contained in the cabinet) of Separate Ways (Worlds Apart) plays during the bonus stage.

Is it a fantastic game?  No.  Is it fun and memorable?  You bet.  And that’s why it’s here.  Aside from the fact that I just had to pick a game quickly to highlight.  Hell, I liked it.  And that’s what matters.


Commander Keen (series, DOS) is the Retro Game of the Week for 9 January, 2017

Released: 1990
Publisher:  3D Realms (Apogee)
Developer: Id Software
Platform: DOS
Genre: Platformer
Played on: DOSBox, keyboard

Commander Keen was an early effort by the now-famous Id Software, famous for Quake and Doom that is essentially a scrolling platformer, something that was not really seen on the IBM PC in those days but were basically ubiquitous on consoles with such games as Super Mario Bros.. Keen was an attempt to replicate those kinds of games on the PC, and of course, they knocked it out of the park.

Commander Keen is about the adventures of an eight year old kid named Billy Blaze and his alter ego, the titular Commander Keen as he blasts his way through waves of alien bad guys. It may of course seem very much a primitive game these days, but back then, it was a very fun and enjoyable romp through a platformer game not really experienced outside of Nintendo and Sega’s gaming juggernauts. And it really does hold up pretty well today. It was a perfect starting point for the wide expansion of PC gaming, as well as the achievements of the developers and designers of Id Software (John Carmack and John Romero, primarily).

Thoughts on The Binding of Isaac

Even though The Binding of Isaac is not a retro game, I tend to think of at least the original game as one, since it shares many of its sensibilities.  However, the game has evolved into a new form over the years, and I wanted to talk about this as it relates to my view on gaming.

The Binding of Isaac was originally released in 2011, and while I didn’t get a copy of it during its early days when it started growing in popularity among the early YouTube Let’s Play sensations, I did have it by the time it hit its peak of popularity.  While many were first discovering the game and struggling through it to even its first ending, I was closing in on completely beating the game with 100% achievements.  Soon afterward, an expansion, Wrath of the Lamb, was released and I managed to again 100% the game.

The game itself is basically a love letter to the original Zelda game in design — its design matches quite closely the layout of Zelda‘s dungeons, and even the Caves levels of Isaac have a segment of its music that echoes the dungeon music in the NES classic.  While Zelda was straightforward with its dungeons with a single (well, two, if you count the second quest) path to the bosses and predictable items found within, Isaac borrows from the classic roguelike game design to randomize the layout of every floor including enemies and drops, randomizes the items you find, and even picks from a certail pool of bosses a boss to represent each floor.  And those items, enemies, and floors definitely would not have been featured in the then-kid friendly Zelda thanks to Nintendo of America’s policies at the time.  Blood, nightmarish designs, references to religion and satanism and paganism, and many other things that Nintendo of America would have just said “no thanks” to.  (Oddly enough, the designer of Isaac had difficulty putting the game on modern Nintendo consoles for the same reason.  Guess things still haven’t changed that much, even if you do have a few “mature” titles for Nintendo platforms.)

However, the all-out positive part of Isaac was its gameplay.  Not to say it was perfect — in fact, it was not at all perfect.  The game sacrificed a lot to work within its framework, which was the ubiquitous Web-friendly Flash container all the rage even in 2011.  (Fortunately, things are finally changing for the better, and game designers for the web are using HTML5 instead, a much better and straightforward method than dealing with a messy, buggy, insecure container.)  There were many game bugs, limitations of Flash, and the whole thing ran slowly even on decent computers, and topped out at 30 frames per second even on the best computers.

But it was the combination of the simplicity and effectiveness of the controls and the design of the game that made the original Isaac shine brightly.  Every level was very difficult, but difficult in a very direct way that made nearly everything absolutely fair so the players never (well, rarely — there were a few rooms that were a pain, but these were very rare indeed) felt like they were fighting the game itself trying to intentionally be vicious.  And oddly enough, I think that the reason for this may be that Isaac was a Flash game.

It is a sadly forgotten idea that limitations can bring out the best in something.  Early gaming was full of limitations — tiny amounts of RAM, extremely slow (compared to today, of course) processors, hardware that limited what you could do — but programmers of the time made it work by looking at what was possible, and making a game that took complete advantage of what was there.  The original Isaac, despite all of the things that it didn’t have, would have been a more complex, overdesigned game that threw the kitchen sink at the player, and suffered greatly for it.

And this is what happened in 2014 with The Binding of Isaac: Rebirth.

Rebirth was supposed to be simple: a reprogramming of the original game with a few extra items and things thrown in for good measure, using a custom engine that allowed a designer to do whatever he wanted with the game.  Sadly, this was the problem, as Rebirth started to include things in the game that were scaled back for the original game, such as rooms with a lot more things in them like the large rooms, which is completely unfair when you need to know where an enemy is, particularly a teleporting enemy or one that might cause problems not knowing where he’s going or about to do, such as charging; enemies with more random attack patterns, which unbalanced the idea of the original game having order within chaos and prevents cheap damage; and worst of all, bullet hell, an idea so atrocious and dumb that I cringe whenever I see it implemented in any game (it is an idea that derived from vertical shooters, which fill the screen with bullets and require you to dodge nearly pixel-perfectly while just holding fire and blindly hitting the boss, something that foregoes actual skill for simple, pain-in-the-ass robotic precision, which doesn’t belong in a game).  It also featured nearly too many added items and changing basic game mechanics, which removed the ability to “game” the original Isaac to give you a better chance at victory if you knew what you were doing, something that rewarded skill and insight in the face of randomness, versus Rebirth‘s pure randomness where you get things by sheer brute force and luck, which again makes you feel lost and out of control in an already out of control game.  The feeling of the original game was lost.

Despite all of this, Rebirth still had some saving graces, and it was doable with a little reliance on luck and some brute force, and I ended up beating 100% of the game — eventually.  Then, soon afterwards, its first expansion hit, Afterbirth.  Afterbirth ramped up the unfairness and randomness to insane levels, adding a ton of situations where damage was simply unavoidable unless you were exremely lucky or extremely overpowered (which meant you were extremely lucky).  Fortunately, there was a balance to this; many things were changed, some characters were given unlockable starting items to help them along (the biggest was with the one-hit-and-you-die character with no health and no way to get any health, which was given an unlockable item that allowed you to take a single hit in each room, vastly improving his chances), and even though the game was extremely rough in many spots, I still managed to 100% the game yet again.

And then, a few days ago, Afterbirth+ (Afterbirth Plus) was released, another Isaac: Rebirth expansion that promised to be a smaller update with the huge prospect of having modding tools available that allowed for a user with enough coding skill to make massive changes to the game.  While the prospect of yet another expansion with even more stuff was daunting, the modding tools is what truly excited me, as I imagined being able to make enormous changes to the base game and thought that it would be possible to create a game very reminiscent of the original Isaac in terms of game balance and fairness, and maybe plow my way through the actual game content to get back to 100% achievements.

Wrong.  On both counts.

Afterbirth+ contains the most unbalanced, unfair, garbage things ever, and while we are being promised a rebalancing on a few things, I fear that the amount that it has been tilted will never be enough.  Regular Afterbirth was bad enough; this was just… nightmarish.  And to add insult to injury, the modding tools are severely hobbled, not even allowing anything beyond very rudimentary manipulation of the game.  Major code hooks that would have allowed one to change existing behavior are nonexistent, and would require rewriting everything from scratch trying to emulate the desired behavior instead of simply modifying existing behavior.  Again, this is something that may be fixed in the future, but the idea that this was promised from day one (supposedly, you were able to make completely new games using the Isaac engine — so much for that) and we don’t even have a fraction of the abillity to make this happen is a huge blow and a possible indication that much of it wasn’t possible in the first place.

If I could play only the original Isaac, I would.  Unfortunately, I do not use Windows any more, and the original Isaac running already slowly in Flash that already runs slow on my underpowered computer (that runs Rebirth and its expansions just fine, thank you) running even slower under Wine makes playing the original Isaac game a poor experience.  I would rather have the original game completely, 100% faithfully done in the new engine, something that I hoped would be possible with Afterbirth+‘s modding.

This is where modern gaming fails.  Designers are given too much of a good thing, and don’t know where to draw the line, where to place limits.  They take a good, core idea and throw every single idea at it until it barely resembles the old idea, and the core game crumbles underneath a metric ton of story, cutscenes, bad gameplay, and poorly implemented controls.  It is interesting that Isaac effectively shows the progression from simple game implemented with limitations by a talented programmer to make something magical, to a game bloated with bad ideas implemented by lazy developers that basically ruins a game.

The Binding of Isaac and The Binding of Isaac: Rebirth can be found on Steam.

Atari, part two: Atari Vault on Steam

In addition to the Art of Atari book I got, I also grabbed a game — or, more accurately, a collection of games — on Steam called Atari VaultAnd it is spectacular.Screenshot_20161229_204627.png

It is a collection of one hundred late 70s and early 80s Atari videogames for both the Atari 2600 and the arcades, perfectly playable through a menu system.  It contains a huge number of both popular, lesser-known, and unreleased games for both arcade and the 2600.  Not all are great games, mind you, but there are more than enough games included to spend a lot of time on.

It features many different options, such as video filtering to make games look more like they did on the displays at the time (something I always turn off — I find filters very distracting), multiple options for game inputs, game manuals for 2600 games and promotional fliers for arcade games, a handful of Steam achievements (most of which are a little tricky to get — so far, I’ve achieved half of the twelve achievements), and online leaderboards for arcade game high scores, which is just awesome — I’m pretty high up the list on most games, but pathetically low on some.

And it’s available on SteamOS/GNU, as well as Windows!  Thank you, Atari and Code Mystics, for being aware of the hardcore group of gamers playing on GNU.

Now, sure, I know, you can rev up an emulator and “obtain” all these games to play them, but really, you have to buy and play collections like this if you are a fan of old games like I am just to show companies that there are still gamers that actually care about old games.  I put my money where my mouth is when it comes to old games, and prove that I’m not just someone that plays old games because they are “available” through certain “means”.  I’m willing to pay for good, quality collections of old games like this.

I’m waiting for more, and I’ll be there, ready to buy.

The Art of Atari

Retro Game of the Week is still on hiatus for now (I’ll be back 8 January!), but for Christmas, my brother got me a book I had seen earlier in the week and wanted (and never even told him about!):


This incredible book has tons of art and information on early Atari videogame systems, mostly concentrating on the incredible cover art for many Atari 2600 games by several artists.  It’s an incredibly interesting book and read, and I absolutely love it to death.

Look for it in your local bookseller or get info at http://artofatari.com/.  Not a paid promotion, I’M JUST A HUGE FAN.